PHP file_get_contents with HTTP Basic Auth

Today I needed to figure out how to read some data from a URL that required HTTP Basic Auth. The solution was pretty simple, use file_get_contents and pass in a configured stream context. I found the following code on the stream_context_create documentation:

$cred = sprintf( 'Authorization: Basic %s',
  base64_encode( 'username:password' )
$opts = array(
  'http' => array(
    'method' => 'GET',
    'header' => $cred
$ctx = stream_context_create( $opts );
$data = file_get_contents( $url, false, $ctx );


Embedded AngularJS partials, or: HTML5 !== XHTML

I just bumped heads with a really gnarly problem. In fact it’s a miracle that I stumbled upon the solution, it could have gone unseen for a long time!

The root of the problem was that I used XHTML syntax in a HTML5 document, and I didn’t get what I expected. I’m still getting used to HTML5 and my understanding was that HTML5 was a superset of HTML4 and XHTML with some extensions. As such I expected XHTML syntax to be supported by HTML5 — but, not so!

I was trying to refactor my AngularJS app to use partial views that were embedded in <script> tags with the type ‘text/ng-template’ and an associated ID.

On my way I found this article on StackOverflow which said:

make sure that the inline script tags are children of the element that has the ng-app=”myApp” attribute.

That was actually a problem I had to solve, I think, because I’d put the ng-app directive on the <html> element not the <body> element. But things still weren’t working and my code looked like this:

  <body ng-app="fflurry_app" ng-controller="MainCtrl">
    <ul class="menu">
      <li><a href="#/home">Home</a></li>
    <div ng-view />
    <!-- partials: -->
<script type="text/ng-template" id="home.html">
<script type="application/javascript">
'use strict';
var fflurry_app = angular.module( 'fflurry_app', [] ).
  config( [ '$routeProvider', function( $routeProvider ) {
      $routeProvider.when( '/home', { templateUrl: 'home.html', controller: 'MainCtrl' } );
      // ...      
    // ...

So… have you spotted the problem? It’s a tricky one… the problem is with the ‘<div ng-view />’ element. This is being parsed as an open <div> with no closing </div> in HTML5. In XHTML this would be an opened and closed element. In HTML5 it’s ignoring the ‘/>’ and just opening a <div>! Hah! So the <script> partials are children on this <div> and not of the ng-app container, so they’re not being found by Angular!

The solution is now trivial. Just make sure we open and close our ng-view <div> like this: <div ng-view></div>.

Creating a user and database in PostgreSQL

To create a database and user account for use on PostgreSQL:

root@devotion:~# su - postgres

postgres@devotion:~$ psql
psql (8.4.21)
Type "help" for help.

postgres=# create user "www-data" superuser;

postgres=# create database mydb with owner "www-data";

postgres=# \c mydb
psql (8.4.21)
You are now connected to database "mydb".
mydb=# alter user "www-data" with password 'secret';